Adolphe William Bouguereau
Adolphe William Bouguereau's Oil Paintings
Adolphe William Bouguereau Museum
November 30, 1825 – August 19, 1905. French painter.

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Here are all the paintings of GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico 01

ID Painting  Oil Pantings, Sorted from A to Z     Painting Description
43858 Adoration of the Magi GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Adoration of the Magi 1487 Tempera on wood,
63010 Adoration of the Magi GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Adoration of the Magi 1488 Tempera on wood, 285 x 240 cm Spedale degli Innocenti, Florence Vasari writes about the painting: "In the church of the Innocenti he painted in tempera a much-admired picture of the Magi, containing some fine heads and varied physiognomies of people both young and old, notably a head of the Virgin, displaying all the modesty, beauty and grace which art can impart to the Mother of God". There are so many saints in this Adoration that it is not easy to make out the three Magi. On the left, Saint John the Baptist is kneeling and pointing to the Madonna. The orphans of the Spedale are represented by two of the innocent boys who were killed during the Slaughter of the Innocents in Bethlehem, kneeling in the foreground. There are gaping bloody wounds to their faces, arms and necks. In this Adoration of the Magi, Ghirlandaio's carefully thought out use of colour is particularly impressive: Ghirlandaio distributes the glowing colours evenly. Mary in the centre is wearing a blue cloak over a red dress. The oldest king kneeling in front of her is wearing a variation of these colours combined with yellow. To the left of Mary, the youngest king holding the valuable goblet in his hand - he almost looks like Saint John the Evangelist - is also dressed in blue, yellow and red. The figure standing on the right edge of the picture wearing an expensive hat repeats this combination of colours, though now the blue and yellow are reversed. In the second figure from the right, wearing the blue hat, the Madonna's colours of red and blue are visible again, and they are repeated in clothes of the bearded man wearing a turban on the left edge of the picture. Between the Madonna and the man with the blue hat on the right, the artist creates a yellow highlight, though with a weaker blue accent, in the figure of Joseph. This row of figures alone produces a rhythm of colour from left to right: red and blue; yellow, blue and red; red and blue; yellow and blue; red and blue; yellow, blue and red. The work represents one of Ghirlandaio's most important "easel" works. Here too the assistants were at work. Indeed, in the scene of the Slaughter of the Innocents in the background, Berenson recognized the hand of Bartolomeo di Giovanni, the author of the stories from the predella. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Adoration of the Magi , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
57234 An old man with a boy's portrait GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico An old man with a boy's portrait mk255 for in 1490. Plastic paint dye, Yang wood 0.62 meters high, 0.46 meters wide. Paris, the Louvre
44377 Angel Appearing to Zacharias GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Angel Appearing to Zacharias 1486-90
63000 Announcement of Death to St Fina GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Announcement of Death to St Fina 1473-75 Fresco Colleggiata, San Gimignano Next to the shining bowl is an almost empty decanter, covered by an inverted glass to protect the valuable wine. As the artist repeated both vessels in his later frescoes of the Last Supper, it is possible that they a reference to the sacrament of Holy Communion. The character of the objects, so like a still life, is an approximation to Flemish paintings, though Ghirlandaio has not yet achieved a Flemish materiality in his work. On the far right, two pomegranates are lying on a box; they may be references to the Fall of Man in the Garden of Eden. Saint Fina did not attempt to gain the biblical forbidden fruits and will therefore be made a saint. Is it possible that the large split on one of the fruits is an allusion to the bodily decay of the saint, which the artist did not dare depict in all its gruesomeness? On a framed panel on the rear wall are the Latin words that St Gregory spoke to Fina: "Be prepared my daughter, for on my feast day you will be taken up into our community and live there forever with your bridegroom." A window in the rear wall allows air and light to enter the bare room. A picture within a picture, the window appears very much like a landscape painting. The few domestic objects on the bench at the back give the room a home-like quality. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Announcement of Death to St Fina (detail) , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
6858 Announcement of Death to St Fina sdg GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Announcement of Death to St Fina sdg 1473-75 Fresco Colleggiata, San Gimignano
6851 Apse fresco dh GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Apse fresco dh c. 1471 Fresco Parish Church of Sant'Andrea, Cercina
63006 Baptism of Christ GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Baptism of Christ 1473 Fresco Sant'Andrea a Brozzi, San Donnino The fresco is in the tympanum above the Madonna and Child with Saints. Two angels are kneeling on the left bank of the river Jordan, shown as a little flat stream flowing towards us. They are holding the clothes of the person being baptized, who is clad only in a loincloth. Christ is standing in water up to his ankles. St John the Baptist, in a fur robe, is gathering up his cloak and stepping carefully on to a stone to baptize Christ. This fresco, because of its poorer quality, is frequently attributed to assistants from Ghirlandaio's workshop. It is a loose copy of the famous panel painting which Verrocchio painted with the help of his assistant Leonardo da Vinci. Ghirlandaio added the two praying angels on the right of his composition, and these, together with the corresponding figures on the other side of the river, form a compositional frame for the work.. This assumption that clear symmetrical balance is important shows that the artist was still rather conservative. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Baptism of Christ , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
6857 Baptism of Christ dfg GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Baptism of Christ dfg c. 1473 Fresco Sant'Andrea a Brozzi, San Donnino
52595 Birth of Mary GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Birth of Mary 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni
63004 Birth of Mary GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Birth of Mary 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni, Santa Maria Novella, Florence "... One of (the women) holds the Child in her arms and makes it laugh by smiling, with a feminine grace truly worthy of a work of this great genius, each figure being distinguished in its various expressions" (Vasari). Here Ghirlandaio succeeds in convincingly continuing the rear wall of the real chapel, which has windows, into the depth of the picture, where there is also a painted window. As a result, part of the frieze of dancing putti playing instruments is in the light, and part in shadow. The figures of the nurses are also captivatingly vivid the joy of the lovely woman holding the child lights up her bright face. And the marvelous moving figure of the woman pouring water gives the picture a look of everyday life. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Birth of Mary (detail) , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
63005 Birth of St John the Baptist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Birth of St John the Baptist 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni, Santa Maria Novella, Florence Here a beautiful unknown woman from the donor's immediate circle is looking at us. She is holding a small cloth in her hands, which are elegantly clasped in front of her stomach, and dressed in a gentle pink, a hue picked up in her cheeks. Two women wearing white head-dresses accompany her; the elder is probably the donor's sister, Lucrezia Tornabuoni, who died before the picture was painted. She was the mother of Lorenzo il Magnifico and sister of Giovanni. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Birth of St John the Baptist (detail) , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
52360 Calling of the First Apostles GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Calling of the First Apostles 1481 Fresco Cappella Sistina
64765 Calling of the First Apostles GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Calling of the First Apostles 1481 Fresco Cappella Sistina, Vatican The group of women on the left side of the fresco, including a woman in blue seen from behind, anticipates the female figures Ghirlandaio paints in later works. Artist:GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Title: Calling of the First Apostles (detail), 1451-1500, Italian , painting , religious
62997 Coronation of the Virgin GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Coronation of the Virgin 1486 Tempera on wood Pinacoteca Comunale, Citta di Castello The Coronation in Citt?di Castello is untypical of Ghirlandaio because of its limited palette: its impact is derived primarily from the contrast of various shades of blue and red with a few yellow highlights. In contrast with the old-fashioned picture in Narni, only the female saints in the centre are kneeling; three holy men are standing on each side of them. This emphasizes the circular glory composed of airy shades of blue, giving the work a dynamic and animated character. The saints on this picture are mainly ones from the Franciscan order. On the far left stands the founder of the order, St Francis of Assisi. This altarpiece is not an autographed work, it was probably made by the workshop. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Coronation of the Virgin , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
44393 Death and Assumption of the Virgin GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Death and Assumption of the Virgin 1486-90
63007 Death and Assumption of the Virgin GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Death and Assumption of the Virgin 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni, Santa Maria Novella, Florence In the final scene, painted in the large pointed tympanum on the left wall of the chapel, two events, the Death and Assumption of the Virgin, are depicted in one picture. In this last story "... is the Passing of Our Lady and her Assumption, with troops of angels, a number of figures, landscapes and other ornaments, in which Domenico's easy and skilful style usually abounds" (Vasari). The composition and execution of this poorly preserved fresco are poorer than in the other pictures in the chapel. In its solemn character the scene is comparable with the considerably better Obsequies in the Saint Fina and the Sassetti chapels. Mary's body is lying on a bier in an open space, mourned by the grieving Apostles. Four angels are carrying long candles or palm leaves. The dead Mary's pale face is old, her cheeks sunken. But in a glory above her, a young and beautiful Virgin with a rosy face is being carried up to heaven by angels to meet her son. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Death and Assumption of the Virgin , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
32339 Decoration of the Sala del Gigli GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Decoration of the Sala del Gigli 1482-84 Fresco
63102 Decoration of the Sala del Gigli GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Decoration of the Sala del Gigli 1482-84 Fresco Palazzo Vecchio, Florence Under the side arches stand historical characters who embody civic and republican virtues. In these figures Ghirlandaio produced very detailed variations of Roman armor and the classical contrapposto postures, features portrayed with considerable archeological accuracy. On the right Decius, Scipio and Cicero are depicted. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Decoration of the Sala del Gigli (detail) , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , historical
43525 Detail of Baptism of Christ GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Baptism of Christ Ghirlandaio made slight changes to Christ-s standing position and replaced the angels on the right with a kneeling male nude, who is already taking off his shoes in preparation for the baptismal ceremony.
43519 Detail of Birth of St John the Baptist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Birth of St John the Baptist 1451-1500 Florence The small St John is being breast fed by a young nurse in the foreground, and a servant is already stretching her arms out energetically for him
43520 Detail of Birth of St John the Baptist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Birth of St John the Baptist 1451-1500 Hers is almost a dance step, and one might well ask why.
43522 Detail of Confirmation of the Rule GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Confirmation of the Rule The detail shows the Loggia dei Lanzi and the Palazzo Vecchio in the background.
43521 Detail of Presentation of the Virgin at the Temple GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Presentation of the Virgin at the Temple Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni, Santa Maria Novella, Florence Ghirlandaio was more successful in his depiction of the group of three young women on the left than in his depiction of the main events.
43517 Detail of Stigmata of St Francis GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Stigmata of St Francis 1451-1500 Florence Three riders have stopped by a river in order to let their horses drink.
51705 Detail of the Adoration of the Magi GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of the Adoration of the Magi nn09 1488 Tempera on wood 285x240cm
43518 Detail of Visitation GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Detail of Visitation 1451-1500 A pair of women behind them are Elisabeth-s companions
43862 Domenico GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Domenico c. 1486 Ink on paper, 220 x 170 mm
33282 Entombment of St.Fina GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Entombment of St.Fina mk83 1473-1475 Fresco
44379 Expulsion of Joachim from the Temple GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Expulsion of Joachim from the Temple 1486-90
52597 Herod-s Banquet GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Herod-s Banquet 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni
33394 Last Supper GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Last Supper mk86 1480 Fresco,total width 812cm Florence,Convent of San Marco.Refectory
43515 Last Supper detail GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Last Supper detail 1451-1500
32342 Madonna and Child Enthroned between Angels and Saints GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna and Child Enthroned between Angels and Saints c. 1486 Tempera on wood,168 x 197 cm
32341 Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints c. 1479 Tempera on wood, 170 x 160 cm
43856 Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints c. 1483 Tempera on wood, 191 x 200 cm
62995 Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints 1483 Tempera on wood Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence This detail of a flower vase on a colourful carpet could be taken from a Flemish panel painting if it were painted using the oil technique developed there rather than tempera, which Ghirlandaio used. In this detail, the artist creates a positive frenzy of colours and forms to enliven the picture. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints (detail) , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , still-life
6856 Madonna and Child with St Sebastian and St Julianb ghj GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna and Child with St Sebastian and St Julianb ghj c. 1473 Fresco Sant'Andrea a Brozzi, San Donnino
32343 Madonna in Glory with Saints GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna in Glory with Saints 1490-96 Tempera on wood, 221 x 198 cm
6855 Madonna of Mercy gh GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Madonna of Mercy gh c. 1472 Fresco Ognissanti, Florence
44386 Marriage of Mary GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Marriage of Mary 1486-90
44387 Meeting of Augustus and the Sibyl GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Meeting of Augustus and the Sibyl c. 1485
43864 Obsequies of St Fina GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Obsequies of St Fina 1473-75
64764 Obsequies of St Fina GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Obsequies of St Fina 1473-75 Fresco Colleggiata, San Gimignano In the long row of expressive heads Ghirlandaio already reveals his unique ability to create convincing character studies, a skill that was to bring him fame and many well paid commissions. Some of those depicted do not seem to be taking part in the ceremony, while others are deeply moved. The server at the saint's feet is more interested in his processional cross than in the ceremony, and the server next to him is looking around to keep himself amused. In the lower left corner on of the miracles can be seen: a blind choirboy who kisses her foot regains his sight. Artist:GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Title: Obsequies of St Fina (detail), 1451-1500, Italian , painting , religious
44388 Obsequies of St Francis GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Obsequies of St Francis 1482-85
33395 Old Man and Young Boy GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Old Man and Young Boy mk86 1488 Tempera on wood 62x46cm Paris,Musee National du Louvre
44381 Portrait of the Donor Francesca Pitti-Tornabuoni GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Portrait of the Donor Francesca Pitti-Tornabuoni 1486-90
44380 Portrait of the Donor Francesco Sassetti GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Portrait of the Donor Francesco Sassetti c. 1485
52358 Portrait of the Donor Giovanni Tornabuoni GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Portrait of the Donor Giovanni Tornabuoni 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni
44378 Portrait of the Donor Nera Corsi Sassetti GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Portrait of the Donor Nera Corsi Sassetti c. 1485
63003 Portrait of the Donor Nera Corsi Sassetti GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Portrait of the Donor Nera Corsi Sassetti 1485 Fresco Santa Trinit? Florence "In two pictures on either side he painted Francesco Sassetti kneeling, and Madonna Nera, his wife and her children, the latter being in the scene above where the boy is raised to life, with some beautiful maidens of the same family" (Vasari). The two donors are in prayer on either side of the altar, as if they are taking part in the Adoration of the Shepherds depicted on the altarpiece. Linking the frescoes and the central panel painting in this way, Ghirlandaio creates what is almost a triptych. Astonishingly enough, the wife, Nera Corsi Sassetti, is occupying the traditionally more distinguished position on the right of the religious scene. At the base is the painted inscription: A.D. MCCCCLXXX. XV decembris. This could be the initial date of the work whose conclusion is in the great altarpiece with the Nativity, dated 1485. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: Portrait of the Donor Nera Corsi Sassetti , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , portrait
44390 Preaching of St John the Baptist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Preaching of St John the Baptist 1486-90
32344 Renunciation of Worldly Goods GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Renunciation of Worldly Goods 1482-85 Fresco
44392 Resurrection of the Boy GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Resurrection of the Boy 1482-85
44391 Slaughter of the Innocents GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Slaughter of the Innocents 1486-90
6854 St Antony dfhh GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Antony dfhh c. 1471 Fresco Parish Church of Sant'Andrea, Cercina
63001 St Barbara GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Barbara 1471 Fresco Parish Church of Sant'Andrea, Cercina The vivid colour of her garments and the different shape of her niche give greater emphasis to the figure of St Barbara, who stands between the two old men, St Jerome and St Antony. She is holding her attribute, a tower, and in contrast to the two other saints is looking directly to us. Because she was so beautiful, Barbara's pagan father locked her in a tower. She converted to Christianity, and against his wishes built in her tower a chapel, its three windows symbolizing of the Trinity. Enraged, her father had her beheaded. Here she is depicted standing triumphantly on the armor-clad corpse of her father, who has been killed by a bolt of lightning. His hands are hanging down over the cornice, where they are casting illusory shadows. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: St Barbara , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
6852 St Barbara sdfgs GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Barbara sdfgs c. 1471 Fresco Parish Church of Sant'Andrea, Cercina
63002 St Jerome GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Jerome 1471 Fresco Parish Church of Sant'Andrea, Cercina St Jerome, wearing a torn penitential robe, is looking across at St Barbara. His wiry, semi-naked body seems to have been ravaged by the hardships of his hermit life. In his right hand he is holding a stone with which to beat himself. His stance is reminiscent of classical contrapposto, his right foot protruding out of the space of the niche across the painted cornice. Artist: GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Painting Title: St Jerome , 1451-1500 Painting Style: Italian , , religious
6853 St Jerome fgh GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Jerome fgh c. 1471 Fresco Parish Church of Sant'Andrea, Cercina
44384 St John the Baptist in the Desert GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St John the Baptist in the Desert 1486-90
63834 St John the Evangelist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St John the Evangelist 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni, Santa Maria Novella, Florence In the Gothic vaults of the Tornabuoni Chapel the four Evangelists are floating on clouds. St John the Evangelist is writing down God's words, which are being conveyed to him by his symbolic animal, the eagle, on a piece of paper.Artist:GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Title: St John the Evangelist Painted in 1451-1500 , Italian - - painting : religious
43524 St Luke the Evangelist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Luke the Evangelist 1451-1500 depicted as a young man with brown hair and a beard, is looking at a little book on his knee as he writes down the life of Christ.
43523 St Mark the Evangelist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Mark the Evangelist 1451-1500 Florence In the Gothic vaults of the Tornabuoni Chapel the four Evangelists are floating on clouds.
51187 St Matthew the Evangelist GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico St Matthew the Evangelist 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni
52361 Stigmata of St Francis GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Stigmata of St Francis 1482-85 Fresco Santa Trinit
43516 Stigmata of St Francis detail GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Stigmata of St Francis detail 1451-1500 Ghirlandaio shows a path that leads over a ramp to the gate of this monastery.
43867 Study of garments GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Study of garments c. 1491 Brush drawing on paper, 290 x 130 mm
43863 Study of Two Women GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Study of Two Women 260 x 170 mm
44383 Test of Fire before the Sultan . GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Test of Fire before the Sultan . 1482-85
44375 View of the Sassetti Chapel GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico View of the Sassetti Chapel c. 1485
52596 Zacharias Writes Down the Name of his Son GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico Zacharias Writes Down the Name of his Son 1486-90 Fresco Cappella Tornabuoni

GHIRLANDAIO, Domenico
Italian Early Renaissance Painter, 1449-1494 Florentine painter, whose family name was Bigordi. He may have studied painting and mosaics under Alesso Baldovinetti. Ghirlandaio was an excellent technician. Keenly observant of the contemporary scene, he depicted many prominent Florentine personalities within his religious narrative paintings. Among his earliest frescoes are the Madonna with the Vespucci Family and the Last Supper (Church of the Ognissanti, Florence). He painted scenes from the life of Santa Fina (collegiate church in San Gimigniano) and frescoes in the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence. In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV called him to Rome, along with Botticelli, to decorate the Sistine Chapel. He painted the Calling of the First Apostles, a scene close in spirit to Masaccio. He returned to Florence to work on the frescoes in the Sassetti Chapel in Santa Trinita. He introduced Sassetti, Corsi, Poliziano, the Medici, and many other contemporaries as participants in the life of St. Francis. Ghirlandaio's most famous achievement is his fresco cycle of the life of Mary and St. John the Baptist for the choir of Santa Maria Novella. Michelangelo served an apprenticeship with him at this time and probably worked on these frescoes. Other examples of his art are the Adoration of the Magi (Uffizi); another Adoration (Hospital of the Innocents); a mosaic of the Annunciation for the Cathedral; a portrait of Francesco Sassetti and his son (Metropolitan Mus.);
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